Your doctor referred you to see an SLP for speech therapy, but you’re not sure what that means? SLP stands for Speech Language Pathologist. An SLP assists patients with multiple impairments, in multiple settings.
Speech therapy typically treats the following:
Speech, Language, and Communication
- Articulation disorders: An articulation disorder is the inability to properly form certain word sounds. An example of distorting a word would be saying “thith” instead of “this.”
- Fluency disorders: A fluency disorder affects the flow, speed, and rhythm of speech.
- Resonance disorders: A resonance disorder occurs when a blockage or obstruction of regular airflow in the nasal or oral cavities alters the vibrations responsible for voice quality. Resonance disorders are often associated with cleft palate, neurological disorders, and swollen tonsils.
- Receptive disorders: A person with receptive language disorder has trouble understanding and processing what others say.
- Expressive disorders: Expressive language disorder is difficulty conveying or expressing information.
- Cognitive-communication disorders: Difficulty communicating because of an injury to the part of the brain that controls your ability to. It can result in memory issues, problem solving, and difficulty speaking, or listening. It can be caused by biological problems, such abnormal brain development, certain neurological conditions, a brain injury, or stroke.
- Aphasia: This is an acquired communication disorder that affects a person’s ability to speak and understand others. It also often affects a person’s ability to read and write. Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia, though other brain disorders can also cause it.
- Dysarthria: This condition is characterized by slow or slurred speech due to a weakness or inability to control the muscles used for speech. It’s most commonly caused by nervous system disorders and conditions that cause facial paralysis or throat and tongue weakness, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and stroke.
- Dysphagia is difficulty with the swallow process. It can occur at any age and be very dangerous if not treated. Signs include: pain while swallowing, sensation of food getting stuck in the throat, drooling, food coming back up, frequent heartburn, weight loss, coughing or gagging when swallowing, recurrent pneumonia.